insult

[16] The -sult of insult comes from a word that meant ‘jump’. Its source was Latin insultāre ‘jump on’, a compound verb based on saltāre ‘jump’. This was a derivative of salīre ‘jump’, source in one way or another of English assail, assault, desultory, salacious, and salient. Old French took insultāre over as insulter and used it for ‘triumph over in an arrogant way’. This was how the word was originally used in English, but at the beginning of the 17th century the now familiar sense ‘abuse’ (which had actually developed first in the Latin verb) was introduced. => ASSAIL, ASSAULT, DESULTORY, SALACIOUS, SALIENT
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   If you insult someone you offend or 'jump on' them. Hence the word's origin in Latin insultare, from in-, 'in,' 'on,' and saltare, 'to jump.'

The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins. 2013.

Synonyms:

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  • INSULT — INSULT, disparagement or defamation of the character or injury to the feelings of another (Heb. boshet, ona at devarim, halbanat panim, hoẓa at shem ra). The rabbis of the Talmud distinguished between two main types of insult: that which causes… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Insult — In*sult , v. i. 1. To leap or jump. [1913 Webster] Give me thy knife, I will insult on him. Shak. [1913 Webster] Like the frogs in the apologue, insulting upon their wooden king. Jer. Taylor. [1913 Webster] 2. To behave with insolence; to exult.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Insult — In sult, n. [L. insultus, fr. insilire to leap upon: cf. F. insulte. See {Insult}, v. t.] [1913 Webster] 1. The act of leaping on; onset; attack. [Obs.] Dryden. [1913 Webster] 2. Gross abuse offered to another, either by word or act; an act or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Insult — In*sult , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Insulted}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Insulting}.] [F. insulter, L. insultare, freq. fr. insilire to leap into or upon; pref. in in, on + salire to leap. See {Salient}.] [1913 Webster] 1. To leap or trample upon; to make a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • insult — vb affront, outrage, *offend Analogous words: humiliate, humble, debase, degrade, *abase: flout, *scoff, jeer, gird, gibe, fleer, sneer: mock, taunt, deride, *ridicule Antonyms: honor Contrasted words: gratify, *pl …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • insult — [n] hateful communication abuse, affront, aspersion, black eye*, blasphemy, cheap shot*, contempt, contumely, derision, despite, discourtesy, disdainfulness, disgrace, disrespect, ignominy, impertinence, impudence, incivility, indignity,… …   New thesaurus

  • insult — ► VERB ▪ speak to or treat with disrespect or abuse. ► NOUN 1) an insulting remark or action. 2) a thing so worthless or contemptible as to be offensive: the pay offer is an absolute insult. ORIGIN Latin insultare jump or trample on …   English terms dictionary

  • insult — [in sult′; ] for n. [ in′sult΄] vt. [MFr insulter < L insultare, to leap upon, scoff at, insult < in , in, on + saltare, freq. of salire, to leap: see SALIENT] 1. to treat or speak to with scorn, insolence, or great disrespect; subject to… …   English World dictionary

  • Insult — (Insultation, v. lat.), 1) muthwilliger Angriff; 2) Beschimpfung; 3) Beleidigung; daher Insultiren, übermüthig begegnen, verhöhnen, beschimpfen, beleidigen …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Insult — (Insultation), beleidigender Anfall, Beschimpfung, Beleidigung; insultieren, gröblich beleidigen, beschimpfen, verhöhnen …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Insúlt — Insúlt, Insultation (lat.), beleidigender Angriff, Beschimpfung; in der Medizin s.v.w. Anfall, Paroxismus, auch äußere Verletzung; insultieren, gröblich beleidigen, beschimpfen, verhöhnen …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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